College Options Overview

You will help your students use the resources to explore college options in the "College Options" section. However, here are some of the basics that you should know before meeting with your student. 

Post-secondary Options
  • Apprenticeships
  • Occupational/career school
  • Career technical school
  • Community college
  • 4 year Oregon public college or university
  • 4 year Oregon private college or university


Types of Degrees

Encourage students to connect with advisers in the specific colleges or schools that they choose to explore. They will have very specific details for admissions. 

Training Certificates
Training certificates are offered at community colleges and private trade schools. Certificates usually take less than two years. It is a skill that is usually required to practice in that career field. 
Examples of careers: hairdresser/barber, massage therapist, certified nursing assistant, automotive mechanic, and welding professions.

Associate Degree
Associate degrees are offered at community colleges and private trade schools. Admission is usually not competitive. Degrees usually take two years for a full-time student. If students plan to go on to a 4-year college they need to make sure that their chosen associates degree is transferable. 
Examples of degrees: Associate of Arts, Associate of Science,  Associate of General Studies, Associate Degree of Nursing,  Associate Degree of Business, Associate Transfer Degree*

Bachelor's Degree
Bachelor's degree programs ideally take four years to complete and are offered at colleges and universities. Admittance to the schools is competitive and based on merit, essays, entrance exams (ACT  & SAT), and extracurricular activities. A bachelor’s degree is a type of undergraduate degree.
    Examples of degrees: Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of Science in Business, Bachelor of Nursing.

Success Tip
Speak with an academic advisor at a prospective school as soon as possible, even while still in high school, to find out degree program entrance requirements.

Master’s Degree
A master’s degree is an advanced degree also known as a graduate degree. Master's programs usually take from 1–2 years to complete.Admittance to a master’s programs is competitive and based on merit, essays, entrance exams (GRE, LSAT, MCAT, etc.) and undergraduate coursework and/or degrees

Doctorate Degree
A doctorate degree is the highest level of an academic degree. Doctorate degree programs can last from 2 to 10 years depending on a chosen field of study. Admittance to doctorate programs is competitive and based on merit, experience, essays and other graduate coursework and/or degrees